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bobco85
06-25-2017, 09:00 AM
Alright, I've been working on this for a while, but I've got another big ride coming up: the Arlington Historical Bike Ride on Saturday, July 22.

Ever wanted to know how some of the streets got their names in the county (Carlin Springs, Glebe, etc.)? Interested to visit the first public school in Virginia to integrate? Want to see the site of a historic town that everyone's probably ridden by a million times in their lives that was such a den of ill-repute that a group of Arlington citizen vigilantes actually went and burned it down? Come on the Arlington Historical Bike Ride!

Having done the Arlington History Ride bike route a few times now, I decided to modify the route to include more interesting things around the county including more recent events.

Update: The route has been finalized! Here are the details for the ride:

Saturday, July 22
Meet at 9:00 a.m. at Shirlington Library - 4200 Campbell Ave, Arlington, VA
Rolling by 9:05 a.m.
Route: https://www.strava.com/routes/9359818 & http://www.mapmyride.com/routes/view/1650672443
Expected length: 26 miles in 3-4 hours (including breaks around Minor Hill ~9.5 mile mark near multiple convenience stores and around Rosslyn Metro ~17 mile mark near Rite Aid convenience store)
The group will stop at 25 different historical spots around the county and hear a bit of local info from yours truly (I will try to be brief)
Ride ends at Prospect Hill Park - 1025 S Arlington Ridge Rd, Arlington, VA
Fitness/experience: some hills early on, should be comfortable riding on trails and on streets
This will be a no-drop ride taken at a casual pace
The route has plenty of opportunities for rest stops
Ride start will be at 9:00 a.m. and is expected to wrap up by 1:00 p.m.

I'm really looking forward to doing this ride, and hope to see you there!

Steve O
06-25-2017, 10:42 PM
Note this is the same day as Tour de Fat. However, that is 4-9pm, so one could do both.

bobco85
06-26-2017, 08:14 AM
Note this is the same day as Tour de Fat. However, that is 4-9pm, so one could do both.
Thank you for pointing that out. I plan on going to the Tour de Fat, too, so I wanted to make sure there was a buffer of a few hours between both.

bobco85
06-28-2017, 08:56 AM
Good news: I finalized the route and other details for the ride! Look at the first post on this thread for the updates.

The format of the ride is based on the President's Day Ride that Judd and komorebi led mixed with the drive-by style Purple Line and Silver Line rides that I led. There are ~25 different stops on the route. My goal is to keep things brief while also giving some interesting details and backstory (the show-and-tell will sometimes be more show and sometimes more tell).

I am also planning an Alexandria historical bike ride for early August, but I'll provide more information after I'm done preparing this ride.

accordioneur
06-28-2017, 10:29 AM
What, no stop at the former HQ of the American Nazi Party ... better known to this group as the meeting place of a popular coffee club (http://blogs.weta.org/boundarystones/2013/01/02/nazis-arlington-george-rockwell-and-anp)?

bobco85
06-28-2017, 01:23 PM
What, no stop at the former HQ of the American Nazi Party ... better known to this group as the meeting place of a popular coffee club (http://blogs.weta.org/boundarystones/2013/01/02/nazis-arlington-george-rockwell-and-anp)?
I already knew the moment I had finalized the route and gathered my notes for it that there would be missing historical spots of interest; to include them all would involve a probable century-long multi-day ride that would neither be as digestible nor accessible as the 26-mile one I've planned.

If I remember, I will make sure to point this out on the ride as it is an interesting part of Arlington's legacy (let's not pretend Arlington has been a bastion of progressive values throughout its history).

accordioneur
06-28-2017, 02:16 PM
I already knew the moment I had finalized the route and gathered my notes for it that there would be missing historical spots of interest; to include them all would involve a probable century-long multi-day ride that would neither be as digestible nor accessible as the 26-mile one I've planned.


Yes, I agree that you can't include every piece of Arlington history in one ride and keep it manageable.


(let's not pretend Arlington has been a bastion of progressive values throughout its history).

My father-in-law's family was run out of Cherrydale when he was a kid. Jews were apparently not welcome in Arlington at that time.

Judd
06-28-2017, 02:18 PM
Are we stopping by where Al Gore invented the internet?

bentbike33
06-28-2017, 03:07 PM
Are we stopping by where Al Gore invented the internet?

No, that was in the House of Representatives.

bobco85
06-29-2017, 09:29 AM
My father-in-law's family was run out of Cherrydale when he was a kid. Jews were apparently not welcome in Arlington at that time.
Wow, that's a sad but definitely interesting story. If it's not too impolite to ask, I would like to hear it sometime.


Are we stopping by where Al Gore invented the internet?
Not on this ride, but I think I have a good collection of other interesting stops that I am steadfastly keeping secret until the ride (well, some are obvious based on the route, but I'm keeping quiet!).

lordofthemark
06-29-2017, 09:34 AM
I would like to hear the Cherrydale story too. Though perhaps it's that they were just not welcome in North Arlington? Because what is now Congregation Etz Chaim, but earlier Arlington-Fairfax Jewish Center (or just ArFax) has been around on Rte 50 since the 1940s.

lordofthemark
06-30-2017, 07:50 AM
Thank you for pointing that out. I plan on going to the Tour de Fat, too, so I wanted to make sure there was a buffer of a few hours between both.

Just so you know, TdeF is not free this year. Its $25, and I don't think that includes any beer. I am not interested enough in the bands to make it worth my while to attend (but of course it will still benefit local biking orgs - but don't expect the crowds of years past)

lordofthemark
07-01-2017, 11:19 AM
I will delete mine if you will delete yours, eh? ;)

bobco85
07-01-2017, 03:09 PM
Actually, they weren't there yet. It's on July 22.
Interestingly, as a bonus- er, I mean, side effect - of my steroids granting me the ability to NOT fall asleep for much of last night (Friday was luckily the last day of my prescription), I did actually visualize and auralize the whole ride in my mind 2 times over which included traveling between stops and everything I plan on talking about at each stop. There's a slight chance that a projection of myself led the group ride with projections of all participants weeks ahead of time and lordofthemark just missed us. That made my brain hurt, but it's the best explanation I can conjure right now.

Starduster
07-02-2017, 11:14 PM
Normally I would be running my own shop ride from Papillon Cycles on Saturday morning. But this is special enough that I don't want to step on it. We can give you extra publicity on our social media pages.

bobco85
07-03-2017, 08:47 AM
Normally I would be running my own shop ride from Papillon Cycles on Saturday morning. But this is special enough that I don't want to step on it. We can give you extra publicity on our social media pages.
Cool, that'd be great! I have no idea currently how many people are planning to join the ride, but I appreciate the offer.

Even if you want to still do a ride, you can always join us en route afterwards to get the rest of the historical facts. On that note, I've accumulated about 5 pages of notes on said historical facts that I am working to whittle down.

Starduster
07-15-2017, 08:49 PM
Promoted here: https://www.facebook.com/pg/PapillonCycles/posts/?ref=page_internal

bobco85
07-16-2017, 08:28 PM
Promoted here: https://www.facebook.com/pg/PapillonCycles/posts/?ref=page_internal
Thank you for spreading the word!

bobco85
07-18-2017, 01:20 PM
Quick update: I am adding another planned rest stop to the ride since the weather is expected to be hot. The 2nd rest stop will be in Rosslyn at the Rite Aid next to the Rosslyn Metro near the 17 mile mark of the ride. I will also be conscientious to make sure we stop in the shade whenever possible.

This means we will have breaks around the 9.5-mile (Minor's Hill) and 17-mile (Rosslyn Metro) marks which will split the 26-mile ride into thirds. Keep cool, everyone!

DanB
07-20-2017, 08:08 AM
I'm planning to go on the ride. My wife and kids just left to visit her family in Germany, so I've got three weeks of low-guilt weekend/evening biking. (There's still a little guilt, because I have a long list of projects I should be doing!)

Anyway, I was wondering if you might consider moving the start time up at least an hour, because of the high heat. They're predicting a heat index of 91 at 9am and 99 by 1pm. Then I still need to bike back to Vienna. (I don't think it would be fair to subject others on the Metro with my sweaty state after the ride.)

Also, I haven't heard if others are going. Do you have a rough head count?

bobco85
07-20-2017, 09:26 AM
Glad you'll be able to come on the ride! In order to tackle the issue of the expected hot weather, I have made efforts to scout out places at each stop that will be in the shade, added a second rest stop so people can resupply, and have looked up locations of available water fountains. I think it will really come down to properly managing my time at each stop to make sure the group isn't baking in the sun.

As far as a head count goes, I am expecting anywhere from 5-15 people, but that is a rough estimate.

Boomer2U
07-21-2017, 07:55 AM
I hope to attend the first few hours of the ride, FYI.

Sent from my VS501 using Tapatalk

bobco85
07-21-2017, 01:16 PM
Note cards are ready (fastened them together using a key ring) in case I need them; see y'all in the morning!https://uploads.tapatalk-cdn.com/20170721/7929cda83a614532ffe8237dc366fd53.jpg


Sent from my iPhone using Tapatalk

drevil
07-21-2017, 10:56 PM
As far as a head count goes, I am expecting anywhere from 5-15 people, but that is a rough estimate.

Make that 6-16, unless I decide on my way down from College Park that the heat is too insane :D

https://farm8.staticflickr.com/7555/15903623009_36530451a0_b.jpg (https://flic.kr/p/qeme3H)
Fat Tire Friction (https://flic.kr/p/qeme3H) by ricky d (https://www.flickr.com/photos/bikecentric/), on Flickr

Starduster
07-22-2017, 06:39 AM
Yep, those tires are up to temperature...

Boomer2U
07-22-2017, 04:17 PM
Kudos to our awesome ride leader today @bobco for a super informative, fun and [emoji91] hot ride today! And did I say it was [emoji91]?
George Washington's Boundary markerhttps://uploads.tapatalk-cdn.com/20170722/1af561dfa3936b45bd43b74a2b73df3e.jpg
https://uploads.tapatalk-cdn.com/20170722/535f9f1983e06858e9f58bbc5b8ab27a.jpgformer Carlin Springs resort
https://uploads.tapatalk-cdn.com/20170722/5c8896651c3234b7fac2fba0ae1032d4.jpg
https://uploads.tapatalk-cdn.com/20170722/f3504676af7b3e8fdcc5464276a66aff.jpg

Sent from my VS501 using Tapatalk

Boomer2U
07-22-2017, 04:30 PM
@SteveO is not a trash can (even though he talks a far bit of it); DC boundary markerhttps://uploads.tapatalk-cdn.com/20170722/d37437fd73bd29842ac9097635784095.jpg
https://uploads.tapatalk-cdn.com/20170722/a96002f4937efa42bce4d42297c8fde3.jpg

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Boomer2U
07-22-2017, 04:40 PM
The bird house home; Balls home (GW's tailor) oldest in Arlington County; Glebe home (its an Episcopalian thang); JB Woodson Jr High School (the end of the whole segregation education thang)https://uploads.tapatalk-cdn.com/20170722/8f3d1be6a2d2bd3903e7c0d5dceb429d.jpghttps://uploads.tapatalk-cdn.com/20170722/bb59d9730025b87f70d0fa421164681c.jpghttps://uploads.tapatalk-cdn.com/20170722/4bfea1c31366bc6b6297a36fd78667e5.jpghttps://uploads.tapatalk-cdn.com/20170722/a8e8c0cee016be577499378b446aa938.jpg

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Starduster
07-22-2017, 04:48 PM
@bobco85- As promised, a picture of the Rosslyn skyline in 1977...before I-66, before Gateway Park. Sorta close to where we stood.
15192

DC's own Rosslyn Mountain Boys added a country rock accent to the famed DC scene that caromed from rockabilly to power pop to psychedelic surf guitar, garage style, to the beginnings of punk. With a blues chaser.

CaseyKane50
07-22-2017, 05:19 PM
Thanks to Bob for a great ride, highly informative and a great group of riders.

Before the ride
15193

Our leader warming us up
15194

At Arlington Mill
15196

At Bluemont Junction
15198

At the Abingdon Plantation
15197

Boomer2U
07-22-2017, 05:30 PM
The whole Rosslyn thang: Marriott and Dark Star orbshttps://uploads.tapatalk-cdn.com/20170722/bc0e536b9d9754a315fa3bd80c8f2e59.jpghttps://uploads.tapatalk-cdn.com/20170722/22d3d20a4848c41ad266f84e1fb6e33c.jpghttps://uploads.tapatalk-cdn.com/20170722/f0914afc4bf0fc5d7a96974b648bcd27.jpghttps://uploads.tapatalk-cdn.com/20170722/8b06680a2afa15927924704a377c0d9f.jpg

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Boomer2U
07-22-2017, 05:34 PM
Cherrydale; Jackson City (ruined by a bunch of guys from Joisey); #dangerpanda #toyairplanes; and our host with the most of the day, @Bobco!!!!https://uploads.tapatalk-cdn.com/20170722/83231860ccac7edec1f10480ca95b96c.jpghttps://uploads.tapatalk-cdn.com/20170722/490f5c93a4c2d7c659d47aab79843e09.jpghttps://uploads.tapatalk-cdn.com/20170722/a09211d22c62744da561ce328d4c5bea.jpghttps://uploads.tapatalk-cdn.com/20170722/93c569950d7471d556b65f3ed24b0f42.jpg

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bobco85
07-22-2017, 06:26 PM
First off, thank you to everyone for coming on this hot, humid, and ultimately wet ride! I was told that the count was around 25 people, and I'm ecstatic that mostly everything went well. We had to call off the last few stops due to the incoming thunderstorm (having people go up onto a mountain ridge during a thunderstorm isn't a good idea), so I promised to give notes on the missing stops. I'll put just the notes from my notecards in a bite-size but hopefully readable fashion.



Stop #1 - Shirlington

Arlington

Arlington County named after Arlington House (old Custis-Lee estate in present-day Arlington National Cemetery)
Arlington House named after Arlington Plantation (Custis family homestead in VA Eastern Shore; you can see Custis family grave)
Arlington Plantation named for Henry Bennet, 1st Earl of Arlington in 17th Century CE England - never set foot in VA

Shirlington

Henry Garnett Shirley

Commissioner of VA Department of Highways
Promoted 1st limited-access highway between VA Route 1 and 14th St Bridge (now I-395)
Died before I-395 was built, but it was named after him

Shirlington developed after Shirley Highway was built, named after the highway

Campbell Avenue - named after the Campbells

Elizabeth Pfohl Campbell

Arlingtonian, 1st woman in VA to be elected to a school board
Mid-1950's became head of Greater Washington Educational Television Association
WETA came from this and is currently the 3rd largest public television station in the US

Edmund D Campbell

Lawyer who promoted civil rights
Lead attorney in 1958 case (James v. Almond) which overturned VA's "Massive Resistance" laws which had been used to closed all public schools that were going to integrate after the 1954 (Brown v. Board of Education) ruling




Stop #2 - Arlington Mill

Arlington Mill

Grist Mill built in 1836 by George Washington Parke Custis
Destroyed during the Civil War

Dr. John Woolverton Barcroft

Physician and inventor, rebuilt Arlington Mill
Arlington Mill had the largest mill wheel on the East Coast
Mill was destroyed in a fire in 1920
Present-day Jim's Automotive at the end of 10th St S was built on its foundations
Barcroft neighborhood named after him
Lake Barcroft named after him because he owned a house on the lake
Also owned a mill just downstream of Lake Barcroft on Holmes Run
Remnants of his mill on Holmes Run were washed out when Hurricane Agnes caused the Lake Barcroft dam to overflow by 3 feet

Old Columbia Turnpike

Columbia (Turn)Pike used to do a slight zig-zag and run down 10th St S to cross Four Mile Run using a bridge
The concrete foundations of the old bridge can be seen from the current Columbia Pike bridge (look downstream)



Stop #3 - George Washington Survey Marker

White oak tree at the confluence of Four Mile Run and Long Branch was used as a surveying marker
Deeds reference this as George Washington's forest property starting 300 yards south along Four Mile Run
Portion of the tree preserved in Glencarlyn Library
Daughters of the American Revolution responsible for current stone column to mark site


Stop #4 - Glencarlyn

Carlin Hall

Community Center built in 1892 originally named Custis Hall
Used for community meetings, social center, church, public library, one room school, and now a recreation center

John Ball & Moses Ball

Cousins of George Washington, were granted land in 1742 by Lord Fairfax

William Carlin

George Washington's tailor, bought the Balls' old estate when they died

Ball-Carlin Cemetery

Members of Ball and Carlin families buried here from 1766-1908

Glencarlyn Library - has the preserved white oak log used by George Washington as a survey marker
John Ball House

Built in 1742, oldest building in Arlington



Stop #5 - Carlin Springs

1872 resort near confluence of Lubber Run and Four Mile Run
Location of springs, a dining room, pavilion, spring lawn, train station nearby can be found on an old map of the area
People would travel from DC via trains on the Alexandria, Loudoun, and Hampshire (Hampshire County, VA is present-day Mineral County, West Virginia) Railroad which later became the Washington & Old Dominion Railroad


Stop #6 - Mary Carlin House

Original log house built in 1800 by William Carlin
Lots of bird houses including one that is a model of the house

bobco85
07-22-2017, 06:59 PM
I forgot to mention, thank you to Steve O and Boomer for performing an impressive on-the-fly rear wheel truing for my bike while I spoke at the Arlington Mill stop!

Stop #7 - Bluemont Junction

Hub of the Washington & Old Dominion Railway
One line ran between Georgetown & Great Falls, the other ran between Alexandria & Bluemont (west of Purcellville)
Bluemont Junction connected the two lines by running along current Bluemont Junction Trail through Ball's Crossroads (Ballston) and along present-day I-66 across the Aqueduct Bridge into Georgetown


Stop #8 - Benjamin Banneker Park

Benjamin Banneker

Free African-American man born in Baltimore
Largely self-taught, he was an almanac author, surveyor, naturalist, & farmer
His knowledge of astronomy led to many commercially successful almanacs
Part of Andrew Ellicott's team that surveyed the borders of the original District of Columbia

SW9 Boundary Stone

1 of 40 stones placed around DC's borders from 1791-1792



Stop #9 - Andrew Ellicott Park

Major Andrew Ellicott

American surveyor, part of group that surveyed the Mason-Dixon Line
Continued and completed L'Enfant's work on the plans for the District of Columbia
Mentor and teacher for Meriwether Lewis
Surveyed many lands between the Appalachians and the Mississippi River (this is before the Louisiana Purchase was made)
In 1791-1792, he was tasked by George Washington to perform a survey of the boundary of a new federal territory
This territory would include cities like Alexandria, Georgetown, Carrollsburg (Buzzard Point), Hamburg (Foggy Bottom), and more
His team was comprised of himself, his brothers Joseph and Benjamin, Isaac Roberdeau, George Fenwick, Isaac Briggs, and Benjamin Banneker
The federal territory became the District of Columbia in 1801

West Cornerstone

Westernmost part of Arlington
Daughters of the American Revolution responsible for the iron cages to help preserve the stones (the remaining ones, at least)



Stop #10 - Minor's Hill

Tallest point in Arlington at a "whopping" 459 feet (~140 m) above sea level
Minor family supported the Confederacy
Former Confederate outpost located here until overtaken by Union troops
Union troops built an observation tower and deployed hot-air balloons from it for surveillance


Stop #11 - Mount Olivet United Methodist Church

Mount Olivet United Methodist Church

Oldest church in continuous use in Arlington
4 different main buildings used, 1st was built 1855-1860

Sue Landon Vaughan (Susan Adams before she married)

Buried in Mt. Olivet's cemetery, was a Confederate nurse, spy, and blockade runner
One of the founders of Decoration Day, a day used to decorate the graves of both Union and Confederate soldiers in Mississippi
After World War II, Decoration Day became Memorial Day
On April 26, 1865, Susan Adams was walking with friends in Greenwood Cemetery in Jackson, Mississippi, decorating the graves of fallen Confederate soldiers. She went and also decorated the graves of 4 Union dead, saying: "I will garland them with pink roses for the mothers and sisters who sobbed prayers as they marched away." This is recognized as the first celebration of Decoration Day



Stop #12 - The Glebe

A glebe is a farm provided to the rector of an Episcopalian parish as part of his salary
Glebe of Fairfax Parish was established in 1775 and included Christ Church in Alexandria and Falls Church
The Glebe burnt down in 1808 and was rebuilt as a hunting lodge in 1820
The teak eagle on the roof was added by Caleb Cushing (ambassador to Spain) in the 1870's as a gift from the people of Spain

bobco85
07-22-2017, 08:06 PM
Now, when I say that I put hours of research into this ride, I'm not kidding! Of course, parts of many of those hours were spent getting distracted by minor details that later turned into other cool bits of info.


Stop #13 - Stratford Junior High School

Built in 1950, named after Robert E. Lee's birthplace
1st public school in VA to desegregate in February 1959
Remember, Brown v. Board of Education ruling was in May 1954
After the ruling, the VA legislature and Governor William Byrd instituted policies to ensure that schools would never integrate; called "Massive Resistance"
Edmund Campbell (remember from Campbell Ave) was lead attorney in 1958 case (James v. Almond) overturning "Massive Resistance" laws
On Monday morning, February 2, 1959 at 8:30 a.m., under the protection of 85 Arlington police officers, Ronald Deskins, Michael Jones, Lance Newman, and Gloria Thompson entered the school without incident.
15 minutes later, 17 black students entered white schools in Norfolk


Stop #14 - Cherrydale Fire Department

Cherrydale

In 1893, a branch post office was formed at the intersection of Lee Hwy/Pollard St
Named after Dorsey Donaldson's large cherry orchard behind the current firehouse (south of post office)
Quincy St previously known as Cherry Valley Road (can we please change it back?)
Military Rd was formed by cutting through dense forest to connect Chain Bridge to the Arlington Line of forts/battlements

Cherrydale Volunteer Fire Company

Formed in 1898, first fire company in Arlington
Firehouse was built in 1921 with contributions from the community and President Woodrow Wilson



Stop #15 - Gateway Park

Aqueduct Bridge

Built 1833-1843 to connect the Chesapeake & Ohio Canal to the Alexandria Canal
8 piers were used for a wooden canal bridge (later with wooden roadway bridge built on top)
Later became an iron truss bridge to carry roadway and electric trolley line
Demolished in 1933, but on the west (upriver) side of Key Bridge, you can still see the remnants of 1 of the piers (support closest to VA)

Alexandria Canal

Built 1833-1843 to connect Georgetown to Alexandria
Ran along parts of Eads St, Commonwealth Ave, and Washington St
Towpath was later used to build an electric railway

Consumer Brewing Company

Built in 1896 on site just west of Key Bridge Marriott
Red brick structure with turrets on ends, clock tower in center, large smokestack in back
Reorganized in 1904 as the Arlington Brewery but closed in 1920 due to Prohibition
John Fowler, an entrepreneur from Richmond, turned it into a Cherry Smash soda factory for over 30 years

Hot Shoppes

Chain restaurant that stood where the current Key Bridge Marriott stands
In 1927, J Williard & Alice S Marriott ran an A&W root beer franchise in DC
When they added hot food to the menu, it became Hot Shoppes
After expanding into catering (including airline catering), became a hotel business in 1957 when they opened the world's 1st motor hotel

Analostan Island

Named after the Necostin tribe living there
Later known as Mason's Island and eventually Theodore Roosevelt Island



Stop #16 - Dark Star Park

Created in 1984, Arlington's first major commissioned art project
Designed to resemble fallen, extinguished stars
Artist Nancy Holt consulted with astrophysicists
Shadows of some of the dark stars and pillars align with markings on the ground every August 1 at 9:32 a.m.
This commemorates August 1, 1860, when William & Carolyn Ross acquired the land that became Rosslyn


Stop #17 - Arlington National Cemetery

Arlington House

Formerly the Custis-Lee Mansion
Built by George Washington Parke Custis and was modeled after Mount Vernon

Arlington Springs

Picnic ground along the Potomac River that was run as a business by the Custis family

Robert Edward Lee

Married his 3rd cousin Mary Anna Randolph Custis
Is the step-great-grandson-in-law to George Washington
His father, Henry "Light Horse Harry" Lee, gave the eulogy at George Washington's funeral including the quote: "First in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen"
General in the American Civil War, supported Reconstruction, opposed allowing black people to vote (his reason was that they were too uneducated at the time), but promoted education for black people
Never actually owned Arlington House, was its custodian

Arlington National Cemetery

After Virginia seceded and Robert E. Lee joined the Confederacy in April 1861, Mary Lee fled in May 1861, and Union troops seized and occupied Arlington House
Congress passed legislation imposing a property tax on any "insurrectionary" areas - an update to the law stated that the tax had to be paid in person
Mary Lee (had rheumatoid arthritis and was living in a Confederate area) could not pay it in person, and the property was auctioned off in January 1864 and purchased by the US government for $26,800 (~$400k today)
US Secretary of War Edwin Stanton approved the establishment of a military cemetery on June 15, 1864, thus creating Arlington National Cemetery

bobco85
07-22-2017, 08:44 PM
The last of my notes including those for the stops we were unable to visit due to the incoming thunderstorm. With this, I'm chilling for the rest of the night!


Stop #18 - MVT under Long Bridge (this is the one I've been keeping a secret since everyone has passed by this spot a million times in their lives)

Nameroughquena

Inhabitants spoke an Algonquian dialect similar to those living near James Fort
Tribal name sounded to John Smith like Nacotchtank
Simplified by Englishmen to Necostin, then anglicized to Anacostia
Around 500 people lived on either side of the Potomac River
In the 17th Century, they temporarily moved to Analostan Island before fleeing up the Potomac River
Arlington was planning on setting a historical marker for this, but somehow it's been forgotten

Jackson City

In the 19th Century, a group of speculators from New York proposed a new industrial city around Long Bridge
On January 11, 1836, President Andrew Jackson, George Washington Parke Custis, and as many as 10,000 gathered and set the ceremonial cornerstone for Jackson City
Hosted Fort Jackson during the Civil War
After the Civil War, it wasn't doing too well, so a group of investors from New Jersey tried turning it into a gambling resort
They wanted it to become the Monte Carlo of America, and it had saloons, gambling houses, bordellos, vice dens, and a race track
Virginia Commonwealth Attorney Crandal Mackey and a group of vigilante citizens (you thought NIMBY's are bad nowadays) called the Good Citizens' League (Frank Lyon, founder of Lyon Village, was a member) raided and burnt down most of the city in 1904, and it stayed industrial until the 1960's

Fort Jackson & Fort Runyon

Both built at the start of the Civil War, deserted after the war ended, and no steps were taken for their preservation
Fort Jackson was built to guard the VA end of Long Bridge
Fort Runyon was pentagonally shaped was built to guard the intersection of the Columbia Turnpike and the Alexandria & Loudoun Railroad
Fort Runyon was on the SE side of the Pentagon under I-395 exit 9

Hoover Airport

1925 private airfield located in current Pentagon and north parking lot
Closed in June 1941 to build the Pentagon

Twin Bridges Motor Hotel

Built in 1957 just before President Eisenhower's inauguration
World's first motor hotel (remember the Marriotts)
Written in Time magazine: "Guests can drive up... select accommodations from a look at 3-D Kodachrome prints, then drive straight to rooms guided by a bicycle-mounted bellhop without once stepping out of their cars."



Stop #19 - Abingdon Plantation

In 1695 John Alexander bought the land from Robert Howson
He had to pay for it twice due to an inheritance dispute from people in Maryland
Run in the 18th and 19th Centuries as a plantation
Owned by the Alexander, Custis, Stuart, and Hunter families over time
Alexandria is named after the Alexander family
Rumor: weeping willows grown at the plantation are the progenitors of all weeping willows in the US


We ended the ride here due to the incoming thunderstorms, so the remainder starts here
Stop #20 - Luna Park (Eads St and Four Mile Run Trail)

Luna Park

Amusement park running from 1906-1915
Part of a chain owned by Frederick Ingersoll
34 acres which featured a figure 8 roller coaster, shoot-the-chutes ride, ballroom, circus arena, restaurants, and picnicking facilities for 3,000 people
Fire destroyed the roller coaster in April 1915
Nearest fire hydrant was in Alexandria (think Old Town Alexandria) over a mile away
Park closed down soon afterwards
Site is now occupied by the sewage treatment facility
Roller coaster was located approximately just north of Eads/31st St

Washington, Alexandria, & Mount Vernon Electric Railway

Started service in 1892, was nation's first successful electric trolley line
First ran from Alexandria to Mount Vernon before it was extended into DC (station was at 14th/B NW near present-day Federal Triangle Metro)
Ran on the Alexandria Canal towpath which included parts of present-day I-395, Eads St, Commonwealth Ave, & GW Parkway to Mount Vernon, later extended to Fort Belvoir
Eads St and Commonwealth Ave have medians because the trolley line had buildings between the tracks
Traffic circle in front of Mount Vernon was the trolley turnaround
Last trolleys of the line ran in 1932
The rail yard is now being used as a Metro bus yard



Stop #21 - Hume School

Hume School

Built in 1891, oldest school building in Arlington
Named for Frank Hume, a Confederate veteran and local civic leader, sold his property for $250 and donated additional land for a playground
Closed in 1958, became Arlington History Museum in 1960

Arlington Historical Society

Founded in 1956, moved into the Hume School in 1960 after a community campaign
Holds over 350,000 artifacts on rotating display



Stop #22 - The Little Tea House (corner of Arlington Ridge Rd/Lynn St)

Opened in 1920, ran until 1963
Famous people who ate there: Eleanor Roosevelt, Amelia Earhart, and Oliver Wendell Holmes
One of the first places in Arlington where racially mixed groups could meet
Owned and run by Gertrude Crocker who wanted to be independent and her own boss
Later sold to Gertrude Allison, called Allison's Little Tea House
Stone tower only remaining part of the building, now being used for pool maintenance


Stop #23 - Prospect Hill

Prospect Hill

Site of mansion built in 1841 by James Roach
Mansion was demolished in 1965

James Roach

Contractor who supplied most of the brick and stone for both the Aqueduct Bridge and the Alexandria Canal
His property extended to Roach's Run (named for him)
Neighbor to George Washington Parke Custis (Arlington House)

Fort Albany

Built in 1861 as part of the defenses of Washington

drevil
07-23-2017, 12:05 AM
You did an excellent job, Bobco. Thanks so much for organizing it. I took a few pics, but I'm a little tired to post them all individually. The album is here:
https://www.flickr.com/photos/bikecentric/albums/72157683980746973

reji
07-23-2017, 06:32 AM
Thanks, Bob, for another fantastic ride and for the posted history notes. It's hard to pick my favorite stop so I won't try. :p But if I had to, the Glebe House, Gateway Park, Dark Star Park, MVT under Long Bridge, and Abington Plantation would be among the running. Oh, and just learning that Steve O is NOT a historical marker was absolute money. A wonderful ride, lots of fun riders, interesting history, a great ride leader, and the bonus shower on the way home made for a fantastic day!

sjclaeys
07-23-2017, 11:43 AM
I passed everyone at Gravelly Point on my way to Tour de Fat, should've joined.

Nadine
07-23-2017, 01:58 PM
Thanks for a great ride, Bob and for posting all the notes i couldn't take yesterday (though I tried!) Your enthusiasm for the history is the best!

And thanks to everyone else, too, for a fun ride. I wish those tandem riders were on the forum because I thought they were awesome, but I didn't really talk to them -.the ride hadda be challenging enough for that dude captaining a tandem with a blind passenger for the first time without me distracting them....

Also, thanks for taking care of me when I fell - and extra thanks to Reji for getting me ice and compression wrap at the first break. Look how much better that bump is today! For those who didn't see, that thing was the size of a half grapefruit right after I fell. Now it's barely the size of a fried egg!https://uploads.tapatalk-cdn.com/20170723/2b03b2cda019c3167636d9d0c9e8af5c.jpghttps://uploads.tapatalk-cdn.com/20170723/ca739cd7c7e2bf071e6f9d890be87e57.jpg

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streetsmarts
07-24-2017, 06:36 PM
First off, thank you to everyone for coming on this hot, humid, and ultimately wet ride! I was told that the count was around 25 people, and I'm ecstatic that mostly everything went well. We had to call off the last few stops due to the incoming thunderstorm (having people go up onto a mountain ridge during a thunderstorm isn't a good idea), so I promised to give notes on the missing stops. I'll put just the notes from my notecards in a bite-size but hopefully readable fashion.



Stop #1 - Shirlington

Arlington

Arlington County named after Arlington House (old Custis-Lee estate in present-day Arlington National Cemetery)
Arlington House named after Arlington Plantation (Custis family homestead in VA Eastern Shore; you can see Custis family grave)
Arlington Plantation named for Henry Bennet, 1st Earl of Arlington in 17th Century CE England - never set foot in VA

Shirlington

Henry Garnett Shirley

Commissioner of VA Department of Highways
Promoted 1st limited-access highway between VA Route 1 and 14th St Bridge (now I-395)
Died before I-395 was built, but it was named after him

Shirlington developed after Shirley Highway was built, named after the highway

Campbell Avenue - named after the Campbells

Elizabeth Pfohl Campbell

Arlingtonian, 1st woman in VA to be elected to a school board
Mid-1950's became head of Greater Washington Educational Television Association
WETA came from this and is currently the 3rd largest public television station in the US

Edmund D Campbell

Lawyer who promoted civil rights
Lead attorney in 1958 case (James v. Almond) which overturned VA's "Massive Resistance" laws which had been used to closed all public schools that were going to integrate after the 1954 (Brown v. Board of Education) ruling




Stop #2 - Arlington Mill

Arlington Mill

Grist Mill built in 1836 by George Washington Parke Custis
Destroyed during the Civil War

Dr. John Woolverton Barcroft

Physician and inventor, rebuilt Arlington Mill
Arlington Mill had the largest mill wheel on the East Coast
Mill was destroyed in a fire in 1920
Present-day Jim's Automotive at the end of 10th St S was built on its foundations
Barcroft neighborhood named after him
Lake Barcroft named after him because he owned a house on the lake
Also owned a mill just downstream of Lake Barcroft on Holmes Run
Remnants of his mill on Holmes Run were washed out when Hurricane Agnes caused the Lake Barcroft dam to overflow by 3 feet

Old Columbia Turnpike

Columbia (Turn)Pike used to do a slight zig-zag and run down 10th St S to cross Four Mile Run using a bridge
The concrete foundations of the old bridge can be seen from the current Columbia Pike bridge (look downstream)



Stop #3 - George Washington Survey Marker

White oak tree at the confluence of Four Mile Run and Long Branch was used as a surveying marker
Deeds reference this as George Washington's forest property starting 300 yards south along Four Mile Run
Portion of the tree preserved in Glencarlyn Library
Daughters of the American Revolution responsible for current stone column to mark site


Stop #4 - Glencarlyn

Carlin Hall

Community Center built in 1892 originally named Custis Hall
Used for community meetings, social center, church, public library, one room school, and now a recreation center

John Ball & Moses Ball

Cousins of George Washington, were granted land in 1742 by Lord Fairfax

William Carlin

George Washington's tailor, bought the Balls' old estate when they died

Ball-Carlin Cemetery

Members of Ball and Carlin families buried here from 1766-1908

Glencarlyn Library - has the preserved white oak log used by George Washington as a survey marker
John Ball House

Built in 1742, oldest building in Arlington



Stop #5 - Carlin Springs

1872 resort near confluence of Lubber Run and Four Mile Run
Location of springs, a dining room, pavilion, spring lawn, train station nearby can be found on an old map of the area
People would travel from DC via trains on the Alexandria, Loudoun, and Hampshire (Hampshire County, VA is present-day Mineral County, West Virginia) Railroad which later became the Washington & Old Dominion Railroad


Stop #6 - Mary Carlin House

Original log house built in 1800 by William Carlin
Lots of bird houses including one that is a model of the house

Sorry to miss this one Bobco sounds like it was fun! Hope to make the August one . These hot days are too hot for me...let's hope for a cooler day for the next one!

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lordofthemark
07-25-2017, 04:08 PM
We ended the ride here due to the incoming thunderstorms, so the remainder starts here
Stop #20 - Luna Park (Eads St and Four Mile Run Trail)

Luna Park
[LIST]
Amusement park running from 1906-1915
Part of a chain owned by Frederick Ingersoll
34 acres which featured a figure 8 roller coaster, shoot-the-chutes ride, ballroom, circus arena, restaurants, and picnicking facilities for 3,000 people
Fire destroyed the roller coaster in April 1915
Nearest fire hydrant was in Alexandria (think Old Town Alexandria) over a mile away
Park closed down soon afterwards
Site is now occupied by the sewage treatment facility
Roller coaster was located approximately just north of Eads/31st St


very interesting to me. Having grown up in Brooklyn, I was aware of an amusement park that had formerly existed in Coney Island but had been torn down and replaced by a housing project (other amusement parks there survived)

https://mylunapark.wordpress.com/about/

http://www.coneyislandhistory.org/places/luna-park-houses

I assumed it was purely a Coney Island thing. Until when QOTM and I were moving back to Alexandria, and we looked at the Reserve at Potomac Yard, and found that there was a Luna Park Drive in Alexandria. Still didn't know what it was referring to. This, and that LP was actually a chain, explains it.

Note, there is now a new amusement park in CI called Luna Park.

BTW, in another tidbit, Luna Park in Coney Island is close to Trump Village. Which was built by DJT, Senior. And is close to Warbasse Houses, a Co-op developed by the Amalgamated Clothing Workers, a heavily Jewish trade union once led by Sidney Hillman, of "Clear it with Sidney" fame (when FDR got rid of his progressive VP, Henry Wallace in 1944 at the behest of relatively conservative party bosses, he looked to social democrat Hillman to provide assurance that Harry S Truman, the replacement, was also worthy of acceptance to liberals) (Note, Warbasse houses was the destination for my first great transportation cycling adventure)

Judd
07-25-2017, 09:51 PM
very interesting to me. Having grown up in Brooklyn, I was aware of an amusement park that had formerly existed in Coney Island but had been torn down and replaced by a housing project (other amusement parks there survived)

https://mylunapark.wordpress.com/about/

http://www.coneyislandhistory.org/places/luna-park-houses

I assumed it was purely a Coney Island thing. Until when QOTM and I were moving back to Alexandria, and we looked at the Reserve at Potomac Yard, and found that there was a Luna Park Drive in Alexandria. Still didn't know what it was referring to. This, and that LP was actually a chain, explains it.

Note, there is now a new amusement park in CI called Luna Park.

BTW, in another tidbit, Luna Park in Coney Island is close to Trump Village. Which was built by DJT, Senior. And is close to Warbasse Houses, a Co-op developed by the Amalgamated Clothing Workers, a heavily Jewish trade union once led by Sidney Hillman, of "Clear it with Sidney" fame (when FDR got rid of his progressive VP, Henry Wallace in 1944 at the behest of relatively conservative party bosses, he looked to social democrat Hillman to provide assurance that Harry S Truman, the replacement, was also worthy of acceptance to liberals) (Note, Warbasse houses was the destination for my first great transportation cycling adventure)

More importantly, Truman was from Missouri which is next to Illinois. So he's cool by proximity. He also is the namesake of Truman University in Missouri which was formerly called NEMO for North Eastern Missouri State. Individuals that attended Truman University refer to it as the Harvard of the Midwest.


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bobco85
08-08-2017, 08:52 AM
I have news that I am excited to share concerning the Arlington Historical Bike Ride: I recently finished creating a guidebook for the ride that contains maps, directions, and info for each stop! The guidebook is a PDF file formatted so that folks can either print using the booklet setting in Adobe Reader (booklet size is half a sheet of paper per page) or put on their phones/tablets/phablets/etc.

I will bring a few printed copies* to Hump Day Coffee Club tomorrow morning, and sometime tomorrow I will post the link to the PDF file (stored on Google Docs for now) so that others may download and print as they wish.

I will make one of these for the Alexandria Historical Bike Ride, too.

* - had to learn how to use a manual combing machine, but it worked out quite well

accordioneur
08-08-2017, 09:35 AM
BTW, in another tidbit, Luna Park in Coney Island is close to Trump Village.

The Trump Village Shopping Center is being redeveloped into a glitzier mixed use development called "Neptune/Sixth". The closing of the old stores there (Rocco's Pizza!) caused my dad much consternation in his last days. Maybe now that Coney Island is getting hipsterized (a craft brewery, a new concert venue, ...) they'll extend Citibikes down there.

bobco85
08-09-2017, 02:48 PM
I finished creating a guidebook for my Arlington Historical Bike Ride and have printed a few copies! I gave them out at Hump Day Coffee Club this morning.

https://uploads.tapatalk-cdn.com/20170809/e5b540d0857b72437279fa9fc038d14c.jpg

For anyone interested in getting their own version, here is a link to the PDF file that you can print for yourself or put on your electronic device to save paper: https://drive.google.com/open?id=0BzfUugn9MSiIeFBLSWd1dHdQOUk

Please note: if printing the guidebook, use Adobe Reader and select the booklet setting. The pages are meant to be half a standard letter page each (5.5" x 8.5").

Let me know if you have any issues with printing/downloading the document, and enjoy!


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